The glorious past of Muslims - Part - 1

The glorious past of Muslims - Part - 1

Muslim rule over three continents from Istanbul (Turkey) in the Ottoman era


The glorious past of Muslims


Following the results of the referendum in Turkey, the way has been paved for Recep Tayyip Erdogan to remain in the top position in Turkey until 2029. The parliamentary system will now be replaced by a presidential system, as in the United States, after which it will have broad administrative powers, such as the appointment of ministers, judges and the abolition of parliament. Erdogan, who made his name as Istanbul's nazim, served as the country's prime minister from March 2003 to August 2014 and has been the country's 12th president since August 2014. In the wake of last year's failed military coup in Turkey, Erdogan's supporters are calling the decision a matter of time, while opponents fear it could lead to a dictatorship. While fingers have been pointed at Recep Tayyip Erdogan's personality, he has also been recognized as an Islamist leader. The Muslims of the world generally value him because of his special interest in the problems of the Muslims as compared to other Muslim rulers and for speaking openly in front of the present Chaudhrys of the world. He is also the head of the Turkish Justice and Development Party (AKP), which has a majority in the Turkish parliament. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1923, Turkish rulers sought to distance Constantinople, the cradle of Islamic science and culture, and other parts of Turkey away from Islamic civilization and closer to Western civilization, which Erdogan imposed some restrictions on. Which is being cited as the reason for their popularity among the Turkish people.
In the age of social media and electronic media, where is the opportunity to teach history, especially to young people? Due to the current referendum, Turkey is in the news these days, so I thought it appropriate to mention a brief history of Islam, especially the great government of the Ottoman Empire, so that we may remember our forefathers and pray to God Almighty that Muslim countries Unite and become the servants of the Muslim Ummah and humanity in the light of Qur'an and Hadith. Amen.
After the end of the prophetic life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) for 23 years, the Rightly Guided Caliphs brought Islam to the outside of the Arabian Peninsula by presenting a high standard of Khilafah in accordance with the teachings of the last Prophet for almost 30 years. At the time of the death of the Holy Prophet, the number of Muslims was more than two lakh. During the caliphate of the Rightly Guided Caliphs, this number exceeded one crore. Only in the time of Hazrat Omar Farooq, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Afghanistan and part of Turkmenistan and the western and southern part of present day Pakistan joined the Islamic government. Twenty-five years after his death, Madinah remained the capital of the Caliphate, but Hazrat Ali moved the capital from Madinah to the Iraqi city of Kufa due to some expediency. After the martyrdom of Hazrat Ali, at the insistence of the Muslims in Iraq, Hazrat Hassan took the oath of allegiance to the Khilafah. On the other hand, allegiance was sworn in the hands of Hazrat Mu'awiyah in Syria. It was possible that war would break out between the Muslims, but the grandson of the Holy Prophet, Hazrat Hassan, with his foresight, saved the Muslims from massacre, reconciled with Hazrat Mu'awiyah and renounced the Khilafah. The period from 632 to 661 is known as the Righteous Caliphate. In the light of the Holy Prophet's statement: "The Khilafah will remain in my ummah for thirty years and then there will be a kingdom" (Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad). Historians say that the Holy Prophet's statement: Hold fast to the Sunnah of Allah. ” (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud) refers to the four caliphs (Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar, Hazrat Uthman and Hazrat Ali).
For almost a century after the Rightly Guided Caliphs, a family of Quraysh, the Banu Amiyah, continued their conquests by declaring Damascus (Syria) as their capital, even extending the borders of the Islamic government to China on one side and Spain on the other. In the Umayyad era, Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz, during his only two-year caliphate (717-720 AD), gave such examples of justice and equality that people remembered the time of the Righteous Caliphs and historians gave him the status of the fifth caliph. But later, due to some reasons, a movement was started against the Umayyad rule, so the Umayyad rule which started in 661 AD ended in 750 AD.
The Abbasid Caliphate, which came into being in 750 AD through a movement against the Benawamiya government, continued its conquests by shifting its capital from Damascus to Baghdad. The Abbasid dynasty ruled for more than 500 years, a long period. The Banu Abbasid Caliphate lasted till 1258 AD. Numerous notable scholarly, literary and historical works took place during this period. Numerous books on hadith, commentary, history, biography and literature were written during this period. Specialists in science, mathematics and medicine were born.
In 1299, the Ottoman Empire was established. In its heyday (16th and 17th centuries), the empire was spread over three continents. It covered the Middle East, much of North Africa, and southeastern Europe. After World War I, this great 624-year-old empire came to an end in 1923, meaning that Turkey ruled a large part of the world until the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1923, 95 years before today. The service of the shrines, along with other services of the Turks, is commendable.
Assuming that since the migration to Medina, Muslims have always had the patronage of a center which came to an end in 1923 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Thus, 1350 years later, Muslims disintegrated like playing cards, and the combined power of Muslims in today's 45 countries

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